Frequently Asked Questions – Tax Office

If you have questions about our office or the services provided, you may find the answers here. If your answer is not found here, feel free to email this office at rita.miller@alleghanycounty-nc.gov, call this office at 336-372-8291, or drop by our office at 348 South Main Street, Sparta NC.

What is involved in listing real estate for tax assessment?

  • Real Estate includes land, buildings, improvements and permanent fixtures attached to the land. Also considered real property are some mobile homes. To be classified as real estate, the Mobile Home must meet the specifications set forth by the NC Department of Revenue. The ownership of all property is determined as of January 1st of the tax year. The transfer of ownership of property during the year does not relieve the seller of tax liability, regardless of prorations made during closing. Prorations are part of a private contract between buyer and seller. The owner of the property as of January 1st of the tax year will receive all tax bills pertinent to the property. Alleghany County is on a “Permanent Listing” for real property. This means that property owners are not required to list annually. Property owners as of January 1st are required to report any new buildings, additions, improvements or deletions which have occurred during the previous year. If improvements have been constructed through the Alleghany County Building Inspections Office, property owners will still be required to contact the Tax Assessing Office to report improvements.

How often is real property reappraised?

  • Alleghany County conducts a general reappraisal of property values every 6 years. Real Estate values are based upon the market values of property at the time of the reappraisal. The last re-evaluation was 2021.

Can I appeal the assessed value of my real estate?

  • Real Estate property owners may appeal the values placed upon their property beginning on January 1st of each year by completing the required Property Tax Appeal Form. The deadline for appealing the value is the day the Board of Equalization and Review adjourns for the year. This can be no later than the first Monday in May as set forth in the North Carolina General Statutes. The only appeal request that will be considered after adjournment would be on those properties whose value changed and notification was not sent to the property owner until after the adjournment. An example of this would be new construction. The Alleghany County Board of Equalization and Review consists of the current Board of County Commissioners. Should a resolution not be reached during the Board of Equalization and Review, property owners then have the option of taking their appeal before the North Carolina Property Tax Commission. The Property Tax Appeal Form can be downloaded from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.

What is the procedure for listing personal property?

  • Personal Property includes unlicensed automobiles, trailers, campers and motorcycles. Also included are boats, boat motors, jet skis, aircraft, hot air balloons and gliders. North Carolina General Statutes require that all individuals owning personal property on January 1st of every year to list personal property which is subject to taxation. The listing periods extends from January 1st – January 31st. If the listing is not received by January 31st, or an envelope postmarked with same date is not received, there will be a late listing penalty of 10%. If you need a listing form and did not receive one, they are available in the Assessing Office.

What is the procedure for listing business personal property?

  • Business Personal Property includes all machinery and equipment used in conjunction with the business. The completion of a business listing form is required of all individuals, partnerships, corporations and associations who, on January 1, own, control or possess any amount of leasehold improvements or tangible personal property used or held for business purposes. The Business of Record should receive a listing form during the month of December or the first week of January. If you do not receive a listing form it is the business owner’s responsibility to obtain the form from this office. Property would include computer and office equipment, machinery, farm equipment, supplies, leasehold improvements, etc. The values of the equipment are determined by trending schedules developed by the North Carolina Department of Revenue. An extension for listing may be requested in writing before the close of the advertised listing period. This request, if granted, cannot be extended beyond April 15 of the tax year.

What exclusion is allowed for the disabled and senior citizens?

  • North Carolina will exclude from property taxes the first $ 25,000 or 50% (whichever is greater) of the assessed value of the primary dwelling or mobile home, occupied by the owner as their primary residence. The deadline to submit a completed Application for Elderly/Disabled Exclusion Form is June 1. To qualify for this exclusion property owners must meet the following requirements: Must be 65 or older, or, totally and permanently disabled. If not 65 years old but totally and permanently disabled, you will need to complete the Certification of Disability Form. The total annual income for both applicant and spouse must not exceed $ 33,800. Income is defined as the adjusted gross income in accordance with the Internal Revenue Service, plus all other Monies received other than gifts or inheritances from a spouse, ancestor or descendant. For married applicants residing with their spouse, the income of both spouses must be included even if only one is an owner of the property. You can download these forms from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.

What property qualifies for a tax exemption?

  • Certain types of properties can qualify for tax exemption in the State of North Carolina if they meet the requirements set forth by the State. An Application for Property Tax Exemption Form must be filed with the Tax Office prior to January 31st of the tax year. Examples of the types of exemptions allowed and the NC General Statute allowing such are as follows:
    • NCGS 105-278.3 Real and personal property used for religious purposes
    • NCGS 105-278.4 Real and personal property used for educational purposes
    • NCGS 105-278.5 Real and personal property of religious, educational assemblies
    • Used for religious and educational purposes.
    • NCGS 105-278.6 Real and personal property used for charitable purposes.You can download an Application for Property Tax Exemption Form from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.

What deferments are available for present-use deferments?

  • The Present Use Value Program was created to give relief to specific property owners for property that is being used for the production of agricultural, horticultural or forest products. Applications for the Present Use Value program can be obtained in the Assessing Office or by clicking the link below. You may contact Theresea Dotson for further information on this program. If the property at any time fails to meet the requirements set forth by the North Carolina General Assembly, deferred taxes become due for the current year plus three previous years, plus interest for all previous years. Qualifications for present-use deferments are as follows:
  • Agricultural
    • Agricultural land is defined as land that is part of a farm unit actively engaged in the commercial production or growing of crops, plants or animals under a sound management program. Agricultural lands can include woodland and wasteland. Requirements for Agricultural Use are:
      • The property must be the owner’s residence or have been owned by the current owner or a relative for four years preceding January 1st of the year in which benefit is applied.
      • May consist of more than one tract of agricultural land, but at least one of the tracts must meet the requirements and each tract must be under a sound management program.
      • One tract must consist of at least 10 acres that are in actual production and are included in the farm unit.
      • Property must have produced an average gross income of at least $ 1,000 a year for the three years preceding January 1st of the year in which benefit is applied.
      • An Application for Ag/Horticulture Use Value Assessment form can be downloaded from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.
  • Forestland
    • Forestland is defined as land that is part of a forest unit that is actively engaged in the commercial growing of trees under a sound management program. Forestland includes wasteland as part of the forest unit, but the wasteland included shall be appraised under the use value schedules as wasteland. Requirements of Forestland are:
      • One tract must consist of at least 20 acres that are in actual production and are not included in a farm unit.
      • May consist of more than one tract of forestland, but at least one of the tracts must meet the requirements and each tract must be under a sound management program.
      • The property must be the owner’s primary residence or have been owned by the owner or a relative for four years prior to January 1st of the year in which the benefit is applied.
      • An Application for Forestry Use Value Assessment form can be downloaded from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.
  • Horticultural
    • Horticultural land is defined as land that is a part of a horticultural unit that is actively engaged in the commercial production or growing of fruits and vegetables or nursery or floral products under a sound management program. Horticultural land includes woodland and wasteland that is a part of the horticultural unit, but the land included in the unit shall be appraised under the use value schedules as woodland or wasteland. Requirements for Horticultural Land are:
      • Must consist of at least 5 acres that is in actual production.
      • May consist of more than one tract, but at least one of the tracts must meet the requirements and each must be under a sound management program.
      • Must have produced an average gross income of at least $1,000 for the three years prior to January 1st of the year which benefit is applied for.
      • Property must be primary residence or have been owned by owner or a relative for four years prior to January 1st of the year in which benefit is applied.
      • An Application for Ag/Horticulture Use Value Assessment form can be downloaded from the Alleghany Tax Office Forms Page.

How can I get a permit to move my mobile home?

  • In order to relocate a mobile home a moving permit must be obtained by the local Tax Office. There is no charge for the permit. The following information must be presented to the Tax Office when applying for a permit:
    • Name and address of the owner as of the preceding January 1st
    • Purchase Date of the Mobile Home
    • Name and address of the current owner
    • E-911 address from which the mobile home is to be moved
    • County and E-911 address for which the mobile home is to be moved to
    • Make, Model, size, year and serial number of the mobile home
    • Name, address and telephone number of the carrier who is to transport the mobile home
  • Also required is that all property taxes due on the mobile home be paid in full. This also includes those that may become due during the current calendar year. The holder of a lien on a mobile home may acquire a moving permit for relocating the property to another location in North Carolina without paying the taxes at the time of the application. When the permit is issued, the holder of the lien will receive a statement of taxes due against the mobile home and is responsible for payment of the taxes within seven days of the date the permit was issued.

How do I get a Deed Certification to allow me to record the deed?

  • The Alleghany County Commissioners have passed a resolution requiring that all past due taxes on a particular parcel of land be paid in full before the recording of a deed on said property can be recorded. Certification forms can be picked up in the Tax Collection Office or the Register of Deeds Office. Questions regarding Deed Certification should be directed to Kellye Wiles or Missy Smith at 336-372-8291.

How is the tax due computed for my property?

  • The 2022 tax rate for Alleghany County was .597 per $100 of value. We do not have fire district taxes or separate subdivision taxes. An example of how to determine the amount of County taxes that you may owe would be: Value of Property: $ 75,000 x Tax Rate .00597 = Taxes Due: $ 447.75. If taxes are paid during the month of August in the year billed, property owners will be granted a 2% discount.

Who has to pay a Solid Waste Fee?

  • The Tax Office is responsible for the collection of a Solid Waste Fee. This is an availability fee for use of the County Landfill. All livable dwellings, whether it is a home or camping trailer permanently located, will be assessed with the solid waste fee. If you have questions regarding this fee contact the Tax Office and we will be glad to assist you. Commercial Solid Waste fees are billed through the County Finance Office.

What is the schedule for county taxes?

  • Alleghany County Tax Bills are mailed during July of each calendar year. If you do not receive your tax notice by August 31 you should contact our office to request billing information. There is no requirement for the tax office to send notification of taxes due, however, they are sent as a courtesy to our property owners. Property taxes not paid in full by January 5 are assessed with penalties and interest each month thereafter. During the month of April all unpaid, delinquent taxes will be advertised in the local newspaper and an advertising fee added to the unpaid bill.

Can I make my tax payments in installments?

  • Alleghany County does allow taxpayers to pay their property taxes in installments if a payment plan is set up and approved by the Tax Administrator. The total amount due should be paid in full by the date that the bill becomes past due.

What happens if I am delinquent with my payment?

  • Accounts reaching a delinquent status will have collection proceedings began immediately. Collection actions may include garnishment of wages, levy of bank accounts or seizure and sale of property or foreclosure. The commencement of any of these actions will result if further costs and fees being added to the unpaid amount of taxes due.
Rita B. Miller
Tax Administrator
rita.miller@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Georgia E. Melton
Business Personal Property Appraiser
georgia.melton@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Theresea A. Dotson
Real Property Appraiser
theresea.dotson@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Missy Smith
Tax Collections Specialist
missy.smith@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Kellye Wiles
Assistant Tax Collector
kellye.wiles@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Candice Wagner
Alleghany LPA Supervisor
candice.wagner@alleghanycounty-nc.gov

Dalila Orduna
Tax, Tag and Finance Support Specialist
dalila.orduna@alleghanycounty-nc.gov
Contact:
County Administration Building
348 South Main Street

PO Box 1027
Sparta, NC 28675
Phone: 336-372-8291
Fax: 336-372-7003
Department Links:
FAQ
Tag/NC License Plate Agency
Forms

External Links:
2022 Surplus Properties Available
Alleghany County Mapping
North Carolina Department of Revenue

NCDMV Self-help portal-Vehicle Tax Info
MyNCDMV online